My app claims it’s out of disk space, but I see there is plenty of space, what gives?
By default, every user should have a
.sge_request file in their home directory. This file contains a line like this:
This limits the size of all created files to 10GB. If you plan on creating larger files you should increase this limit, either in the .sge_request file before you start your qrsh session, or in the batch script you submit via qsub. From the command line, you would start a qrsh session as follows:
qrsh -l h_fsize=300G
Why was RAM made a consumable resource on the cluster?
The way that SGE on the JHPCE cluster had been configured, was to NOT view RAM as a “consumable” resource. The recent change to the SGE configuration changed this so that RAM is now “consumable” and gets reserved for a job when it is requested. What does this mean?
As an example, for simplicity sake, let’s say you have a cluster with just 1 node, and that node has 20GB of RAM. If you run a job that requests 8GB of RAM ( mem_free=8GB,-h_vmem=9GB) it will start to run on the node immediately. Now, this job takes a few minutes for all 8GB to actually be used by the program – let’s say it consumes 2GB/minute, so after 4 minutes all 8GB will be in use. A minute later, the running job is using 2GB of RAM, and now a second job comes along and requests 8GB of RAM. SGE will see that there is still 18GB of RAM on the node and start the second job. Now, a minute later, a third job comes along, also requesting 8GB. The first job is using 4GB, the second job is using 2GB, the node has 14GB free, so SGE, seeing that 8GB is available, starts the third job. So now you have 3 jobs running that will eventually need 24GB of RAM in total, and there is only 20 GB on the system, so at some point the node becomes RAM starved and the Linux oom-killer gets invoked to kill a process. (For extra credit – at what time does the node run out of RAM? 🙂 )
The change made to the cluster alters the behavior of SGE so that RAM is “consumable”, so that when you request 8GB, SGE marks that 8GB as reserved. In the above example, the first 2 jobs would have run, and SGE would have marked 16GB of RAM as “consumed”, so the third job would not have run until one of the other jobs finished. The biggest downside to this approach though is that if people request much more RAM than what their job need, then jobs will have to wait longer to run, and resources may go unused. If, in the above example, the first job requested 15GB of RAM “to be safe”, then that would have prevented the second job from starting until the first completed, even though the 2 jobs could have run concurrently.
Why do I get memory errors when running Java?
You may see errors such as the following when you try to run Java:
$ java Error occurred during initialization of VM Could not reserve enough space for object heap Error: Could not create the Java Virtual Machine. Error: A fatal exception has occurred. Program will exit.
This is due to the default Maximum Heap Size in java being 32GB and the JHPCE cluster defaults for mem_free, your h_vmem being set to 2GB and 3GB respectively. The default settings for qrsh would be too small to accommodate the memory required by Java. You have 3 options to get this to work.
1) If you think you will really need 32GB of memory for your java program, you can increase your mem_free and h_vmem settings of your qrsh command:
jhpce01: qrsh -l mem_free=40G,h_vmem=40G compute-085: java
2) More likely, you do not need 32GB for your Java program, so you can direct Java to use less memory by using the “-Xmx” and “-Xms” options to Java. For instance, if you want to set the initial heap size to 1GB and the maximum heap size to 2GB you could use:
jhpce01: qrsh compute-085: java -Xms1g -Xmx2g
3) An alternative way to set the Java memory settings is to use the “_JAVA_OPTIONS” environment variable. This is useful if the call to run java is embedded within a script that cannot be altered. For instance, if you want to set the initial heap size to 1GB and the maximum heap size to 2GB you could use:
jhpce01: qrsh compute-085: export _JAVA_OPTIONS="-Xms1g -Xmx2g" compute-085: java
Why does my R program use more RAM when run via “qsub” than it does when run within a “qrsh” session.
Some R programs, such a “randomForestSRC” or programs that use “libgomp”, rely on OpenMP, which may try to use multiple cores on the node it is running on, and will subsequently require more RAM to run.
To restrict your program to a single core, set mc.cores and rf.cores to “1”.
Thanks to Kasper Hansen and Jacob Fiksel for their work on identifying the issue and finding a fix for it.
ssh gave a scary warning: REMOTE HOST IDENTIFICATION HAS CHANGED!
Go into the ~/.ssh directory of your laptop/desktop and edit the known_hosts file.
Search for the line that starts with the host that you ssh’d to. Delete that line (it is probably a long line that wraps). Then try again.
My app is complaining that it can’t find a shared library, e.g. libgfortran.so.1 could you please install it?
We would guess that 9 times out of 10, the allegedly missing library is there. The problem is that your application is looking for the version of the library that is compatible with the old system software. It will not help to point your application to the new libraries. They are more than likely to be incompatible with the new system and we won’t help you debug any problems if you try to do this. The correct solution is to reinstall your software. If the problem persists after the reinstallation, then please contact us and we will install standard libraries that are actually missing.
How do I copy a large directory structure from one place to another.
As an example, to copy a directory tree from
/dcs01/bob/dst, first, create a cluster script, let’s call it “
copy-job“, that contains the line:
rsync -avzh /home/bst/bob/src/ /dcs01/bob/dst/
Next, submit a batch job to the cluster
qsub -cwd -m e -M email@example.com copy-job
This will submit the “
copy-job” script to the cluster, which will run the job on one of the compute nodes, and send an email when it finishes.
My X11 forwarding stops working after 20 minutes.
X11 forwarding can be enable in your ssh session using the -X options to the ssh command:
$ ssh -X firstname.lastname@example.org
This will allow you to run X based programs from the JHPCE cluster back top the X server running on your desktop (such as XQuartz on Mac computers). On some Mac computers X11 forwarding will work for a while but may eventually time out, with the error message:
Xt error: Can't open display: localhost:15.0
This error comes from the “ForwardX11Timeout” variable, which is set by default to 20 minutes. To avoid this issue, a larger timeout can be supplied on the command line to, say, 336 hours (2 weeks):
$ ssh -X email@example.com -o ForwardX11Timeout=336h
or it can be changed in the /etc/.ssh_config file on your desktop by adding the line:
to the end of the /etc/.ssh_config file, or your own ~/.ssh/config file. Note: a value higher than 596h may cause the X window server on your desktop to fail, as it is greater than 2^31 milliseconds and will exceed the signed 32bit size of the “ForwardX11Timeout” variable.
How do I get the Rstudio program to work on the cluster?
The RStudio program (https://www.rstudio.com/products/rstudio/) is a graphical development interface to the R statistical package. Some people find the graphical RStudio program helpful in organizing R projects, and writing and debugging R programs.
To run rstudio on the JHPCE cluster, you can use the following steps:
- First, make sure you have an X11 server installed on your laptop/desktop (either Xquartz for MacOS, or MobaXterm for PCs).
- Next, ssh into the JHPCE cluster, making sure the the X11 forwarding option is used for SSH. To enable X11 forwarding from MacOs, add the “-X” option to your ssh command. For MobaXterm on Windows, X11 forwarding is enabled by default.
- Once you are on the cluster, use “qrsh” to connect to a compute node
- Load the “rstudio” module by running “module load rstudio“
- Start the rstudio program by running “rstudio“
- Within a couple of seconds, the RStudio interface should be displayed.
An example session for user “bob” would look something like:
BobsMac$ ssh -X firstname.lastname@example.org Last login: Mon Dec 26 08:24:01 2016 from 10.11.12.13 --- Use of this system constitutes agreement to adhere to all applicable JHU and JHSPH network and computer use policies. --- [jhpce01 /users/bob ]$ qrsh [compute-072 /users/bob]$ module load rstudio [compute-072 /users/bob]$ rstudio
Please be aware that rstudio is a very graphics-heavy program and uses a fair amount of network bandwidth. You will need to make sure that you have a fairly fast network connection in order to use rstudio effectively.
When running SAS, an error dialog pops up about Remote Browser
In SAS, results are sometimes presented in HTML format, and need a web browser running in order to view the results. When SAS is used on a desktop, the local desktop browser is used, however when SAS is run on a remote system, such as on the JHPCE cluster, SAS doesn’t know how to connect to the browser, and needs to use the SAS “Remote Browser” utility to locate the web browser.
To use the “Remote Browser” when using SAS on the JHPCE cluster, we have found that the following works:
1) Login to the cluster as you normally would:
2) On the jhpce01 login node, start up the Firefox browser in the background:
$ firefox &
3) Still on jhpce01,
$ rbrowser &
4) Now connect to the SAS queue, and start up the SAS program.
$ qrsh -l sas $ sas
This should allow you to see HTML formatted data from in the browser running on jhpce01. One last note, you will be prompted to allow pop-ups from the SAS node when you first try and display something back to the Firefox browser on jhpce01 – you should allow the pop-ups.
Xauth error messages from MacOS Sierra when using X11 forwarding in SSH
With the recent upgrade to MacOS Sierra, the “-X” option to ssh to enable X11 forwarding may not work. If you receive the message:
"untrusted X11 forwarding setup failed: xauth key data not generated"
after a recent MacOS upgrade, and X11 forwarding does not work, you can resolve the issue by add the line “ForwardX11Trusted yes” to your ~/.ssh/config file on your Mac. This should allow X11 forwarding to work from the JHPCE cluster. You may still see the warning:
"Warning: No xauth data; using fake authentication data for X11 forwarding"
To eliminate this warning, add the line “XAuthLocation /usr/X11/bin/xauth” to your ~/.ssh/config file on your Mac.
Why does bash report that it can’t find the
The error you see is:
bash: module: command not found"
The module is a shell function that is declared in
It is always a good idea for
/etc/bashrc to be sourced immediately in you
.bashrc file so that the first thing it does is o execute the system
bashrc file, i.e. your
.bashrc file should start with the following lines:
# Source the global bashrc if [ -f /etc/bashrc ]; then . /etc/bashrc fi
Why aren’t SGE commands, or R, or matlab, or… available to my cron job?
cron jobs are not launched from a login shell, but the
module commands and the JHPCE default environment is initialized automatically only when you log in. Consequently, in a cron job, you have to do the initialization yourself. Do this by wrapping your cron job in a bash script that initializes the module command and then loads the default sge modules. You bash shell script should start with the following lines:
#!/bin/bash # Source the global bashrc if [ -f /etc/bashrc ]; then . /etc/bashrc fi module load JHPCE_DEFAULT_ENV
This should allow your cron jobs to run within SGE.